Common Diseases and Medicinal Herbs

Herbs were a common cure to most diseases during the Medieval period. Common diseases during this time include: epilepsy, dysentery, pneumonia, stroke, heart attack, influenza, and small pox among many others. As mentioned in an earlier blog, during this time physicians believed that the body is composed of four humors and maintaining the balance of them is essential to overall health. Therefore, some of these herbs were used to either purge or starve the humors. Some medicines could also be used as topical creams to directly heal a wound. Some common medicinal herbs include: anise (used to treat gas and induce sweating), Chamomile (used for hand washing and headaches), Flax (helped remove foreign bodies), Mint (used for all stomach ailments as well as for treating venom and wounds), and Saffron (to treat infections). Prescribing these herbal medicines was one essential component of medical practice during this medieval era.


1. “Medieval Medicine.” Medieval Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014. <;.


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