Introductory to Medieval Medicine

For the most part, during the Medieval era medical practices included medicinal herbs, prayer, and spells. Yet this was also a time for development of surgical procedures and other more modernized cures. Physicians and surgeons were university trained. The first university was found in Salerno, Italy. Famous philosophers, such as Hippocrates, studied here. Medieval physicians had a similar approach to the Greeks when it came to medicine. They believed the body made up four humors: sanguine (blood), choler, phlegm and melancholia. They also believed that keeping these four components in balance was the key to maintaining health. These physicians would therefore treat illnesses by replenishing or relieving one of the four humors, depending on the balance of the four. I will go in more depth into all of the subjects I have brought up in further posts! Thanks for reading!


1. Picture one. Oxford University Digital Image Library.

2. Picture two. Oxford University Digital Image Library.

3. Picture three. Cambridge University Digital Library.

4.  Stewart, John. “Lesson 11- The Ancient World.” Desire 2 Learn. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014. <;.


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